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4.6 Object Creation Expressions

4.6 Object Creation Expressions


An object creation expression creates a new object and invokes a function (called a constructor) to initialize the properties of that object. Object creation expressions are like invocation expressions except that they are prefixed with the keyword new:

new Object() new Point(2,3)

4.6 Object Creation Expressions | 61

If no arguments are passed to the constructor function in an object creation expression, the empty pair of parentheses can be omitted:

new Object new Date

When an object creation expression is evaluated, JavaScript first creates a new empty object, just like the one created by the object initializer {}. Next, it invokes the specified function with the specified arguments, passing the new object as the value of the this keyword. The function can then use this to initialize the properties of the newly created object. Functions written for use as constructors do not return a value, and the value of the object creation expression is the newly created and initialized object. If a constructor does return an object value, that value becomes the value of the object creation expression and the newly created object is discarded.

Constructors are explained in more detail in Chapter 9 .

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